Re-assembling and How to trace faults (Monobloc)
RE-ASSEMBLING after dismantling. See that the washer on the bottom of the jet block is in good condition, otherwise fuel will leak across its face causing rich erratic running. if the washer is faulty it should be replaced by a new one. When replacing the throttle see that the jet needle goes into the centre hole in the jet block and once in, check the throttle works freely when the mixing chamber cap (2) is screwed down firmly by spring clip (18).
When re-assembling the float see that the narrow leg portion of its hinge is uppermost, as this operates the float needle. Care should be taken to see that the joint faces of the side cover and body are not damaged or warped and that the joint washer is in good condition, otherwise difficulty will be experienced in making a petrol tight joint.
HOW TO TRACE FAULTS
There are only TWO possible faults in carburation; either RICHNESS of mixture or WEAKNESS of mixture, so in case of trouble, decide which is the cause, by;
1. Examining the petrol feed
Verify jets and passages are clear.
Verify the banjo gauze is clear and allows ample flow.
Verify there is no flooding.
2. Looking for air leaks.
At the connection to the engine.
Or due to leaky inlet valve stems.
3. Defective or worn parts.
Slack throttle or worn needle jet.
4. TEST WITH THE AIR VALVE,
to see if by richening the mixture, the results are better or worse.
- Black smoke in exhaust
- Petrol spraying out of the carb
- Four strokes, eight stroking
- Heavy, lumpy running
- Heavy petrol consumption
- If the jet block 16 is not tightened up by washer and nut 14, richness will be caused through leakage of petrol.
- Air cleaner choked up
- Needle jet worn large
- Sparking plug sooty
- Spitting in carburettor
- Erratic slow running
- Acceleration poor
- Engine goes better if
- throttle not wide open or air valve partially closed
- Has air cleaner been removed
- Jets partially choked up
- REMOVING the silencer or running with a racing silencer requires a richer setting and a larger main jet.
NOTE: Verify correctness of fuel feed, stop air leaks, check over ignition and valve operation and timing. Now at throttle position shown on sheet 7, fig 5, test to see if the mixture is rich or weak. This is done by partially closing the air valve, and if the engine runs better weakness is indicated, but if the engine runs worse richness is indicated.
TO CURE RICHNESS
- Fit smaller main jet
- Screw out pilot air screw
- Fit a throttle with larger cut-away
- Lower needle one or two grooves
TO CURE WEAKNESS
- Fit larger main jet
- Screw pilot air screw in
- Fit a throttle with smaller cutaway
- Raise needle one or two grooves
NOTE: It is not correct to cure a rich mixture at half throttle by fitting a smaller main jet because the main jet may be correct for power at full throttle, the correct way is to lower the needle.
CHANGING FROM STANDARD PETROLS TO SPECIAL FUELS, such as alcohol mixtures will, with the same setting in the carburetter, certainly cause weakness of mixture and possible damage from overheating.
Re-assembling and How to trace faults